Geographical Structure of Cappadocia


Geographical Structure of Cappadocia

The region with the geographical conditions, fairy chimneys, underground cities and magnificent valleys of Cappadocia is the region where Ürgüp, Göreme, Avanos, Cavuşin, Ortahisar, Kaymaklı, Ihlara, Derinkuyu, Uchisar. Cappadocia and its surroundings are located in Nigde, Kayseri, Nevsehir, Aksaray and Kırsehir.

Erciyes, Hasandagı, Melendiz and Güllüdag were active volcanoes during the geological periods in the Cappadocia region. A layer of tuff was formed from lava, plateau, lakes and rivers from these volcanoes. There are tuffite, ignimbrite tuff, lahar, volcanic ash, clay, sandstone, marl, agglomerate and basalt in the structure of this layer.

Fairy chimneys, valley slopes of flood waters and wind, tuffs formed by erosion of the structure. Flood waters found their way on steep slopes, causing hard rocks to crack and break. The slope receded by the deep carving of the material at the bottom and the easier-to-wear material, so that the top hats were protected against wear with chronically shaped bodies.

Other fairy chimneys produced by erosion in Cappadocia are conical, mushroom-shaped, columnar and pointed fairy chimneys. Fair chimneys are most frequently seen between Ürgüp, Uchisar and Avanos triangle, and between Ürgüp and Sahinefendi.

Weather in Cappadociacappadocia

Cappadocia, middle of Turkey locate in central Anatolia, has a steppe climate. There is a big temperature difference between day and night. Enclosed on both along the Northern and Southern coasts by mountain ranges, the area receives very little rain throughout the year.

Summer season is very hot and winter season is very cold. Cappadocia has four seasons. Winter season lasts from December to February, with an average temperature of -2 degrees Celsius. There is snow accumulation of approximately 20 cm.

Spring begins in March and lasts until May and the average temperature for this season is approximately 15 degrees Celsius. This is the time where the region gets most of its rainfall. This rainfall comes in short intervals, and lasts on average for only about 2 hours.

Summer season is between June and August. Summers in Cappadocia are very hot, where daytime temperatures can rise up to 38 degrees Celsius. But due to the Steppe climate, nighttime temperatures fall back down into the 20's. We recommended to stay in special Cappadocia cave hotels especially for this season, since the cave rooms remain cool throughout the day.

Autumn starts in September and ends in November, and is the high season for Cappadocia travel. Average temperature is in the 20's.

We recommended for best seasons for travel to Cappadocia are the spring and autumn months when temperatures remain relatively moderate.

What can you do in Cappadocia?cappadocia balloon

You can visit the region with daily tours with local expert guide.
We recommend hot air balloon rides which have been very popular in recent years.
You can drive around the Cappadocia by renting an ATV.
There are horse farms for those who love horse riding.
Cappadocia has world-famous wines. You can buy it after tasting in wine factories.
You can learn how to make ceramics in pottery workshops.
They have very special nuts and also, roasted pumpkin seeds with milk in Cappadocia.
As night entertainment, we recommend you to go to Turkish night.

Cappadocia Hot Air Balloon Tour

It is always nice to have a hot air balloon tour when you come to Cappadocia. Let us remind those who want to see the unique beauty of Cappadocia from the sky, that they should wake up early in the morning. Because balloon tours are held in the morning at sunrise. Guests attending the balloon are picked up from their hotel early in the morning and taken to the flight for breakfast. During breakfast, the balloon is ready to inflate and fly.The hot air balloon pilots provide information on flight safety. When the balloon is ready for flight, you will get into the basket. Enjoy flying by watching the unique fascinating beauty of Cappadocia.

Where can you go in Cappadocia?

Göreme Valley and Open-Air Museum: Göreme Open Air Museum is a place where you will enter a completely different world. In this different world where the missionary and seclusion of Christians escaped from oppression and where the monastic life started, you will meet many churches, chapels and living areas carved into the rocks. 

Avanos: Avanos is a next to Kızılırmak, it is passes right in the middle of the town. The art of red clay and ceramics, extracted from Kızılırmak, the largest river in Central Anatolia, gained importance here. You will be amazed at the workmanship done in this place where the soil turns into art.

Ürgüp: Ürgüp is the largest and most developed settlement in the Cappadocia.There are fairy chimneys and rock caves that you can visit. You can watch all of Ürgüp and its surroundings from Temenni Hill, the highest point of Ürgüp.

Ortahisar; Many attractions such as Ortahisar Castle and Cappadocia Ethnographic Museums and Hallaç Monastery are located here. You can visit the Pancarlık valley close to Ortahisar.

Pigeon Valley: Starting from Uchisar and extending to Göreme and covering an area of 4 kilometers, Pigeon Valley has taken its name from the pigeon nests carved into the rocks.

Güllüdere Valley: You will see the best of the fairy chimneys and the most artistic stance while walking this 4-kilometer valley. In the valley, there are ruins and churches belonging to the monastic life of ancient Christians.

Zemi Valley: Sarnic Church, Görkündere Church, Saklı Church, and El Nazar Church are in this valley. You will find rich vegetation in this hidden valley, which is quite suitable for walking.

Uchisar Castle: Uchisar Castle is like the roof of Cappadocia; The snowy head of Erciyes, Kızılcukur, Ürgüp, Avanos, or the whole region is spreading under your feet. A place where you can watch the sunset and take panoramic pictures of Cappadocia.

Pasabagi Valley: Valley of the Pasabagi Priests is one of the valleys where you can watch interesting formations of the fairy chimneys. Three-headed fairy chimney in the middle of the valley is dedicated to Saint Simeon. It is said that Saint Simeon lived in this chapel for 15 years.

Cavusin Village: Cavusin Village; Cavusin is on the road of Göreme-Avanos, one of the oldest settlements in Cappadocia. This village is old Greek village in the Cappadocia region. Now It is separated into 2 parts; the new village and the old Greek village. You can visit to the 5th century church of Saint John the Baptist, situated in the old village part.

Devrent Valley: Devrent Valley is known as Dream Valley and Haunted Valley. There are fairy chimneys in the form of the famous camel and different silhouettes, which you will sometimes liken to an animal and sometimes to a human. It is up to you to find the fairy chimney of the Virgin Mary who opened her hands in this visual feast.

Zelve Valley: Zelve Valley is one of the largest open-air museums in Cappadocia. You will see the most pointed and wide body fairy chimneys here. Especially in the 9th and 13th centuries, one of the most important religious centers of Christians, in the Zelve Valley has 15 churches.

Ihlara Valley: Which is the most secret, deepest and most mysterious of Cappadocia's paradise? The answer will be the Ihlara Valley. The first settlement of the valley began in the 4th century according to estimates. There are 105 historical artifacts in the valley which extends for 14 kilometers in a canyon at a depth of 120 meters.

Sahinefendi (Sobessos): Known as Sobesos / Sobessos during the Roman and Byzantine periods, there is the village of Şahinefendi, 700 meters north of the ancient city.In excavations made between 2002-2005 in the ancient city of Sobesos, a large space covered with mosaic, Hammam structure and complex was unearthed.

Özkonak Underground City: Wherever you go in the world, the only places that are more astonished over the earth are the underground cities. Ozkonak Underground City is one of the spoils of the world. Özkonak Underground City, which is thought to have been carved in 400 years, consists of four floors.

Derinkuyu Underground City: Derinkuyu Underground City, which is the largest underground city of Cappadocia. It was named because of the deep well in the middle. In this gigantic city, which has 8 floors of space, there are almost as a city inhabitant.

Kaymakli Underground City: Kaymakli Underground City is built under the hill known as the Citadel of Kaymakli and was opened to visitors in 1964. The people of Kaymakli (Enegup in Greek) village have constructed their houses around nearly one hundred tunnels of the underground city.


Cappadocia Hot Air Balloon Booking

We would like to be happy to see you in Cappadocia, to see and discover all these beauties. Let's explore all these beauties of Cappadocia together. We recommend Cappadocia hot air balloon tours to see the Göreme valley and around the valley from a bird's eye view. We will be happy to help you if you contact us.

For more information about our Cappadocia hot air balloon tours and services Call us: